After a few truly good years during — when there was low inflation, almost full employment and a favorable balance of trade, President Lyndon B. Despite their relative success, Johnson could have undoubtedly spent more on these programs had he not had to pay for the war abroad, which Martin Luther King, Jr.
Without a doubt, the war took a terrible toll on the United States. But since most of the fighting took place in Vietnam, the Vietnamese land and people paid a much heavier price for the war. An estimated 4 million Vietnamese were killed or wounded on both sides of the conflict, including as many as 1.
Much of the death and destruction resulted from bombing. This meant that American planes dropped more than twice as many bombs as U.
The widespread destruction of the farms and villages in the South Vietnamese countryside turned huge numbers of peasants into homeless refugees. Many of these people fled to the cities, where they made a living any way they could—including through illegal activities. The poverty and desperation of the war years—along with the influence of Americans—resulted in major changes to Vietnamese families, culture, and society.
Farmers tended rice paddies wet fields where rice is grown in fertile river valleys. The surrounding hillsides were covered with jungles of trees and plants.
They also realized that the rice paddies and rural villages were good sources of food and supplies for the Viet Cong. To eliminate these sources of support for the enemy, the U.
Across all of Indochina the region of Southeast Asia that includes Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laosthe United States used an average of pounds of explosives per acre of land.
But most of the bombing was concentrated in South Vietnam, particularly the northern provinces and the area around the capital city of Saigon. The bombing did terrible damage to the land. It destroyed many of the dams and canals that the peasants had installed to irrigate their farmland. It also created huge craters in the rice paddies and hillsides.
In fact, by the end of the war there were an estimated 21 million bomb craters in South Vietnam. Pfeiffer wrote in Scientific American. In addition to the widespread bombing, U. Before the war, the country had been one of the largest exporters of rice in the world.
But during the war, the loss of crops forced South Vietnam to import one million tons of rice each year. Much of this rice came from the United States. An Oral History of the Vietnam War.
Many people left the rural villages where their families had lived for generations and became refugees.
In fact, as many as four million Vietnamese one-fourth of the total population of the South fled to the outskirts of cities and towns, where they hoped to escape the bombing and find a way to make a living.
Some American military leaders believed that destroying rural villages and grouping the South Vietnamese people near cities was a good strategy.
They claimed that it would reduce support and supplies for the Viet Cong guerillas in the countryside. After areas were bombed, U. The soldiers would question the local people and look for evidence of Viet Cong activity.Oct 29, · The South Vietnamese then led their own invasion of Laos, which was pushed back by North Vietnam.
The increasingly unpopular war had created deep rifts in American society. The War's Effect on the Vietnamese Land and People.
About 58, American soldiers were killed during the Vietnam War, and another , were wounded. Without a doubt, the war took a terrible toll on the United States. But since most of the fighting took place in Vietnam, the Vietnamese land and people paid a much heavier price for the war.
The main impact of the Vietnam War was to help drive American society apart. American society had been relatively homogeneous and united in the s and early s. The war helped to break this homogeneity and bring on the "culture wars" that we now have.
The main impact of the Vietnam War was to help drive American society apart. American society had been relatively homogeneous and united in the s and early s.
The Vietnam War had a profound effect on American society.
It changed the way we viewed our government, the media, and our Constitutional rights. Because of this shift in perspective, the country was torn apart and yet still came together in new and different ways.
The Vietnam War also left many long lasting effects on the veterans who had fought hard in the war. Around , Vietnam veterans suffered psychological after-effects. The Vietnam War thoroughly changed the way the American approaches military actions.
Read more about how the Vietnam War affected America here.